Tropical Medicine Mission Index of Diseases About Tropical Medicine Tropical Medicine Home Page Tropical Medicine Staff

Next Page

Chapter 5

Tuberculosis

Bibliography

Abdelwhab IF, et al: Atypical skeletal tuberculosis mimicking neoplasm. Br J Radiol 64:551-555, 1991

Abrams IS, Holden WD: Tubercolosis of the gastrointestinal tract. Arch Surg 89:282-288, 1964

Adams WM, Fitzgerald R: Abdominal tuberculosis: unusual findings on CT. Clin Radiol 50:734-735, 1995

Aderle WI: Radiological patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in Nigerian children. Tuberculosis 61:157-163, 1980

Ahmed FB, et al: Tuberculous enteritis. BMJ 313:215-217, 1996

Aldossary J, Grant CS: Abdominal tuberculosis: a frequent diagnostic challenge. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 79:163-167, 1985

Allen CM, Craze J, Grundy A: case report: tuberculous broncho-oesophageal fistula in the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome. Clin Radiol 43:60-62, 1991

Anderson DH, et al: Pulmonary lesions due to opportunistic myobacteria. Clin Radiol 26:461-471, 1975

Anscombe AR, Keddie NC, Schofield PF: Caecal tuberculosis. Gut 8:337-341, 1967

Apps MCP, Harrison NK, Blanth EIA: Tuberculosis of the breast. BMJ 288:1874-1875, 1984

Aston NO, DeCosta AM: Tuberculous perforation of the small bowel. Postgrad Med J 61:251-252, 1985

Avery GR, Chippendale AJ: Case of the month: a single diagnosis. that is the question. Br J Radiol 68:665-666, 1995

Balthazar EJ, Gordon R, Mulnick D: Ileocecal tuberculosis: CT and radiologic evaluation. Am J Roentgenol 154:499-503, 1990

Bahdur P, et al: Tuberculosis of the mammary gland. J Indian Med Assoc 80:8-12, 1983

Bailey IC: The Pattern and presentation of cerebral tumours in Uganda. East Afr Med J 48:565-575, 1971

Baker RD: Endocardial tuberculosis. Arch Pathol 19:611-635, 1935

Ball PAJ: Abdominal tuberculosis. In: Davey WW (ed) Companion to surgery in Africa. E & S Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1968, pp 267-270

Bankier AA, et al: Update: abdominal tuberculosis. Unusual findings on CT. Clin Radiol 50:223-228, 1995

Barnes P, et al: An unusual case of tuberculosis peritonitis in a man with AIDS. West J Med 144:467-469, 1986

Barson AJ, Kirk RS: Colonic tuberculosis with carcinoma. J Pathol Bacteriol 101:289-292, 1970

Bastani B, et al: Tuberculosis peritonitis. Report of 30 cases and review of the literature. Q J Med 56:549-557, 1985

Bateson EM, Woo-Ming M: Destroyed lung: a report of cases in West Indians and Australian aborigines. Clin Radiol 27:223-226, 1976

Bell GM, de Klerk JN: Tuberculose van die penis (corpora cavernosa). S Afr Med J 50:1489-1490, 1976

Belli L: Studio ecografico dei versamenti tuberculori. Radiol Med (Torino) 83:659-661, 1992

Betoulieres P: The lymphangiographic appearances of lymph node tuberculosis. J Radiol Elec 49:1-5, 1968

Bevans M, Wilkins SA: Tuberculosis endocarditis. Am Med J 24:843-849, 1942

Bhansali SK: Abdominal tuberculosis. Experiences with 300 cases. Am J Gastroenterol 67:324-337, 1977

Bhargave S, et al: Case report: tuberculosis of the parotid gland - diagnosis by CT. Br J Radiol 69:1181-1183, 1996

Black GA, Carsky EW: Duodenal tuberculosis: AJR 131:329-330, 1978

Bohrer SP: Tuberculosis synovitis with widening of the inter condylar notch of the distal femur. Br J Radiol 42:703-704, 1969

Bolton JM, Snelling MR: Review of tuberculosis among the Orang Ash (Aborigines) in West Malaysia. Med J Malaysia 30:10-29, 1975

Brauner M, et al: Sonography and computed tomography of macroscopic tuberculosis of the liver. J Clin Ultrasound 17:563-568, 1989

Brenner SM, Annes G, Parker JG: Tuberculosis colitis simulating nonspecific granulomatous disease of the colon. Am J Dig Dis 15:85, 1970

Brody JM, et al: Gastric tuberculosis: a manifestation of the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome. Radiology 159:347-348, 1986

Brombart M, Massion J: Radiological differences between ileocecal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease. Am J Dig Dis 6:589-603, 1961

Burack WR, Hollister RM: Tuberculosis peritonitis: a study of forty-seven proved cases encountered by a general medical unit in twenty-five years. Am J Med 28:510-521, 1960

Burke GJ, Zafar SA: Problems in distinguishing tuberculosis of bowel from Crohn's disease in Asians. BMJ 4:395-397,1975

Calder JF, Norredam K: Chylous ascites due to tuberculosis. East Afr Med J 49:684-686, 1972

Camiel MR: Ileocecal tuberculosis. Radiology 44:344-351,1945

Carazo-Martinez O, et al: Realtime ultrasound evaluation of tubercular pleural effusions. Clin Ultrasound 17:407-410,1989

Cardocio SA, Locker GY: Elevated serum CA 125 secondary to tuberculosis peritonitis. Cancer 72:2016-2018, 1993

Cardozo LJ, et al: Tuberculosis meningitis in adult Africans; problems of diagnosis and management. East Afr Med 53:136-142, 1976

Carroll SR, Newsom SWB, Jenner JR: Treatment of septic arthritis due to Mycobacterium kansasii. BMJ 289:591-592,1984

Casselman ES, et al: CT of meningitis in infants and children. J Comput Assist Tomogr 4:211-216, 1980

Chan HS, Pang J: Isolated giant tuberculomata of the liver detected by computed tomography. GI Radiol 14:305-307, 1989

Chandracharoensin C, Viranuvalti V: Tuberculosis abscess of the retrosternal thyroid gland. Diagn Imaging (Netherlands) 50:29-31, 1981

Charatan FB: Quoted in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (March, 1994). "Peruvian mummy shows that TB preceded Columbus." BMJ 308:808, 1994

Chatfield WR, et al: The investigation and management of infertility in East Africa (a study of 200 cases). East Afr Med J 47:212-216, 1970

Chatterji DN: Tuberculosis in children (pattern of intrathoracic lesions in hospitalised patient). J Indian Med Assoc 67:217-223, 1976

Chanuhry UR, Ghani MU: Diagnosis of tuberculosis basal meningitis by CT scan and transcranial Doppler (TCD) studies. Proc. 19th Int. Cong. Radiol., PP 1.2 Beijing, 1996

Chazan BI, Aichison JD: Gastric tuberculosis. BMJ 2:1288-1290,1960

Choe KO, Jeon P: Reexpansibility of the lung after decortication in tuberculosis empyema. Proc. 19th Int. Cong. Radiol, SS 3.16. Beijing, 1996

Citron KM: BCQ - vaccination against tuberculosis: international perspectives. BMJ 306:222-223, 1993

Clark RA, et al: Hematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients with AIDS. Rev Infect Dis 13:1089-1092, 1991

Cohen C: Tuberculous mastitis: S Afr Med J 52:12-16, 1977

Collins CM, Yates MD, Grange JM: Names for mycobacteria. BMJ 288:463-464, 1984

Compere EL, Garrison M: The correlation of pathologic and roentgenologic findings in tuberculous and pyogenic infection of the vertebrae. The fate of the intervertebral disc. Ann Surg 104:1038-1067, 1936

Cook SM, Frank TS: Detection and characterization of atypical mycobacteria by the polymerase chain reaction. Mod Pathol 6:104A, 1993

Cope AP, Heber M, Wilkins EGL: Valvular tuberculous endocarditis: a case report and review of the literature. J Infect 21:293-296, 1990

Corr P: MRI of tuberculous spondylitis. Imaging S Afr Mag 17-20, 1990

Corr P, Handler L, Davey H: Pott's paraplegia and tuberculous spondylitis. Evaluation by magnetic resonance. Neuroradiology 33 (Suppl):109-110, 1991

Cremin BJ: Radiological imaging of urogenital tuberculosis in children, with emphasis on ultrasound. Pediatr Radiol 17:34-38, 1987

Cremin BJ: CT in tuberculous spondylitis. Clin Radiol 49:433-435, 1994

Cremin BJ, Jamieson DM, Hoffman EB: CT and MRI in the management of advanced spinal tuberculosis. Pediatr Radiol 23:298-300, 1993

Cremin BJ, Jamieson DM: Childhood tuberculosis. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1995

Cremin BJ, Levinsohn MW: Multiple bone tuberculosis in the young. Br J Radiol 43:638-645, 1970

Dahlene DH, et al: Abdominal tuberculosis: CT findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr 8:443-445, 1984

Damrongsak C, et al: Functional hepatogram and coeliac arteriogram in tuberculosis of the liver. J Med Assoc Thai 60:285-288, 1977

Danziger J, et al: Cranial and intracranial tuberculosis. S Afr Med J 50:1403-1405, 1976

DaRoche-Afodu JT: Tuberculous thyroiditis. West Afr Med J 23:159-161, 1975

Das MK, Indudhara R, Vaidyanalthan S: Sonographic features of genitourinary tuberculosis. Am J Roentgenol 158:327-329, 1991

Dastur HM, Shah MD: Intramedullary tuberculoma of the spinal cord. Indian Pediatr 5:468-471, 1968

Davey WW: Tuberculous pericarditis. In: Davey WW (ed) Companion to surgery in Africa. E & S Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1968, pp 310-312

De Labarthe B, et al: Acute, lethal miliary tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis. Poumon Coeur 34:139-142, 1978

Denath FM: Abdominal tuberculosis in children. CT findings. Gastrointest Radiol 15:303-306, 1990

Dent DM, Webber BL: Tuberculosis of the breast. S Afr Med J 51:611-614, 1977

Denton T, Hossain J: A radiological study of abdominal tuberculosis in a Saudi population. Clin Radiol 47:409-414, 1993

Dineen P, Homan WP, Grafe WR: Tuberculous peritonitis: 43 years of experience in diagnosis and treatment. Ann Surg 184:717-722, 1976

Dixon JM: Breast diseases. Br Med J 309:947-949, 1994

Dong-Ho-Lee, et al: Sonographic findings of intestinal tuberculosis. J Ultrasound Med 12:537-540, 1993

Dorff GJ, et al: Musculoskeletal infections due to Mycobacterium kansasii. Clin Orthop 136:244-246, 1978

Downey DB, Nakielny RA: Aphthoid ulcers in colonic tuberculosis. Br J Radiol 58:561-562, 1985

Doy RW: Tuberculosis presenting as an acute surgical emergency. Cent Afr J Med 18:91-93, 1972

Ehlers MRW: The biology of mycobacterium tuberculosis and the host-pathogen relationship. In: Cremin BJ, Jamieson DM (eds) Childhood tuberculosis. Springer, London Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1995, pp 7-17

El Masri SH, et al: Abdominal tuberculosis in Sudanese patients. East Afr Med J 54:319-326, 1977

Er-hu J, et al: CT diagnosis of tracheobronchial tuberculosis. Proc. 19th Int. Cong. Radiol. 33. 3.15. Beijing, 1996

Fisher D, Hiller N: Case report: giant tuberculous cystic lymphangioma of posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum and groin. Clin Radiol 49:215-216, 1994

Foster DR: Miliary tuberculosis following intravesical BCG treatment (letter). Br J Radiol 70:429-431, 1997

Fowler WC: A preliminary report on the treatment of tuberculosis with turtle vaccine. Tubercle 12:12-17, 1930

Fox E: Tuberculosis. In: Strickland GT (ed) Hunter's tropical medicine, 7th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1991, pp 458-483

Gaines W, Steinbach HL, Lowenhaupt E: Tuberculosis of the stomach. Radiology 58:808, 1952

Ganguli PK: The radiology of bone and joint tuberculosis with special reference to tropical countries. Asia Publishing House, London, 1963

Garber EK, Bluestone R: Tuberculous arthritis of the knee with a cold abscess communicating with the knee joint. Skeletal Radiol 6:76, 1981

Gawne-Cain ML, Hansell DUR: The pattern and distribution of calcified mediastinal lymph nodes in sarcoidosis and tuberculosis: a CT study. Clin Radiol 51:263-267, 1996

Gerritsen J, Knol K: Hypercalcaemia in a child with miliary tuberculosis. Eur J Pediatr 148:650-651, 1989

Gershon-Cohen J, Kremens V: X-ray studies of the ileocecal valve in ileocecal tuberculosis. Radiology 62:251-254, 1954

Gilinsky NH, et al: Abdominal tuberculosis: a 10 year review. S Afr Med J 64:849-857, 1983

Godfrey-Fausset P, et al: Evidence of transmission of tuberculosis by SNA finger printing. Br Med J 305:221-223, 1992

Goldblatt M, Cremin BJ: Osteo-articular tuberculosis: its prevention in coloured races. Clin Radiol 29:669-677, 1978

Granet E: Intestinal tuberculosis: a clinical, roentgenological and pathological study of 2086 patients affected with pulmonary tuberculosis. Am J Dig Dis 2:209, 1935

Grassi R, et al: Case report: massive enterolithiasis associated with ileal dysgenesis. Br J Radiol 70:207-209, 1997

Graybill JR, Geiger J: Naturally acquired tuberculin hypersensitivity in Ethiopia. East Afr Med J 49:597-603, 1972

Greenberg SD, et al: Active pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with AIDS: spectrum of radiographic findings (including a normal appearance). Radiology 193:115-119, 1994

Gulati P, et al: Impact of MRI in the management of spinal tuberculosis. Proc. 18th Int. Congr. Radiol. Singapore, S 410.186, 1994

Gupta RK, et al: MR Imaging of intracranial tuberculomas. J Comput Assist Tomogr 12:280-285, 1988

Halleran WJ, Martin NL: Non-tuberculous mycobacterial arthritis. Kans Med Soc J 83:284-286, 1982

Hancock SM: Hyperplastic tuberculosis of the distal colon. Br J Surg 46:63-68, 1958

Hanson J: CT of tuberculous peritonitis. Am J Roentgenol 144:931-933, 1985

Hayashi H, et al: Case report: tuberculous pericarditis. Br J Radiol 71:680-682, 1998

Herlinger H: Angiography in the diagnosis of ileocecal tuberculosis. Gastrointest Radiol 2:371-376, 1978

Hermon-Taylor J, et al: Mycobacterium paratuberculosis cervical lymphadenitis, followed five years later by terminal ileitis similar to Crohn's disease. Br Med J 316:449-453, 1998

Hersch C: Tuberculosis of the liver: a study of 200 cases. S Afr Med J 38:857-863, 1964

Hodgson G, et al: the x-ray appearances of tuberculosis of the spine. The intervertebral disc. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill. 1969, pp 34-40

Hoffman EG, Crosier JH, Cremin BJ: Imaging in children with spinal tuberculosis. J Bone Jt Surg [Br] 75:233-239, 1993

Hollins FR: Tuberculosis in the African community in the city of Salisbury (Rhodesia). Cent Afr J Med 22:25-28, 1976

Hoon JR, Dockerty MG, Pemberton JdeJ: Collective review: ileocecal tuberculosis including comparison of this disease with nonspecific regional enterocolitis and noncaseous tuberculous enterocolitis. Int Abstr Surg 91:417, 1950

Hossain J, Kiniroms M, Lewis RR: Laparoscopy does have a role in tuberculous peritonitis (letter). Br Med J 313:1145-1146, 1996

Hsu LCS, Leong JCY: Tuberculosis of the lower cervical spine (C2 to C7) - a report of 40 cases. J Bone Jt Surg [Br] 66:1-5, 1984

Hughes HJ, Carr DT, Geraci JE: Tuberculous peritonitis: a review of 34 cases with emphasis on the diagnostic aspects. Dis Chest 38:42-50, 1960

Hulnick DH, et al: Abdominal tuberculosis: CT evaluation. Radiology 157:199-204, 1985

Jain R, et al: Sonographic diagnosis of early abdominal tuberculosis. Proc. 18th Int. Congr. Radiology. Singapore, S 213.184. 1994

Jain SK, et al: A clinico-radiological study of secondary mycoses in pulmonary tuberculosis. Indian J Med Sci 45:8184, 1991

Jain VK, et al: The far cry of a TB brain. Report of a case of tuberculous meningitis, multiple tuberculomas and tubercular abscess. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 91:171-176, 1989

Jamieson DH, Cremin BJ: High resolution CT of the lungs in acute disseminated tuberculosis, and a pediatric radiology perspective of the term miliary. Pediatr Radiol 23:380-383, 1993

Jena A, et al: Demonstration of intramedullary tuberculomas by magnetic resonance imaging: a report of 2 cases. Br J Radiol 64:555-557, 1991

Jinkins JR: Computed tomography of intracranial tuberculosis. Neuroradiology 33:126-153, 1991

Kapoor R, et al: Ultrasound detection of tuberculomas of the spleen. Clin Radiol 43:128-129, 1991

Kawamori Y, et al: Macronodular tuberculoma of the liver: CT and MR findings. Am J Rad 158:311-313, 1992

Kedar RP, et al: Sonographic findings in gastrointestinal and peritoneal tuberculosis. Clin Radiol 49:24-29, 1994

Kent PW: The pattern of tuberculosis in East Africa. East Afr Med J 48:450-455, 1971

Kipps A, et al: Negative tuberculin tests. S Afr Med J 40:108-114, 1966

Klimach OE, Ormerod LP: Gastrointestinal tuberculosis: a retrospective review of 109 cases in a district general hospital. Q J Med 56:569-578, 1988

Kolawale TM, Lewis EA: Radiologic study of tuberculosis of the abdomen. Am J Roentgenol 123:348-358, 1975

Konstam PG, Bleskovsky A: The ambulant treatment of spinal tuberculosis. Br J Surg 50:26-38, 1962

Kool HES: HIV seropositively and tuberculosis in a large general hospital in Malawi. Trop Geogr Med 42:128-132, 1990

Kulholma P, et al: Tuberculous peritonitis simulating peritoneal carcinomatosis. Acta Obstet Gynaecol Scand 61:491-494, 1982

Kurpiewska-Radzimska D, Makuchowa K: Multifocal pseudocystic bone tuberculosis in children. Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol 42:293-298, 1977

Lachman E, Moodley J, Pitsoes B: Peritoneal tuberculosis imitating ovarian carcinoma. "Special category". Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 64:677-679, 1985

Lagundoye SB, Singh SP: Tuberculosis of the mastoid masquerading as a glomus jugulare tumour: a case report. Niger Med J 8:161-163, 1978

Lawn SD, et al: Pulmonary tuberculosis: radiological features in West Africans co-infected with HIV. Br J Radiol 72:339-344, 1999

Le CT, Yoiung LW: Radiological case of the month. Non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection. Am J Dis Child 139:608-608, 1985

Leader M, Revell P, Clark G: Synovial infection with M. kansasii. Am Rheum Dis 43:80-82, 1984

Lee KS, et al: The evaluation of tracheo-bronchial disease with helical CT, with multiplanar and three dimensional reconstruction: correlation with bronchoscopy. Radiographics 17:555-567, 1997

Lennard-Jones JE: Clues to the elucidation of Crohn's disease. Trans Coll Med S Afr 40:34-41, 1996

Lesar MS, et al: Pericardial tuberculoma. Radiology 136:309-310, 1981

Lester FT. Tsega E: Tuberculous peritonitis in Ethiopian patients. Trop Geogr Med 28:169-174, 1976

Levine C: Primary macro-nodular hepatic tuberculosis. US and CT appearances. Gastrointest Radiol 15:307-309, 1990

Levine R, et al: Tuberculous abscess of the pancreas. Case report and review of the literature. Am J Dig Dis 377:1141-1144, 1992

Lewis EA, Kolawole TM: Tuberculous ileocolitis in Ibadan: a clinico-radiological review. Gut 13:644-653, 1972

Lobo PI: The first reported case of sarcoidosis in an East African. East Afr Med J 49:45-48, 1972

Locke EA: Secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy and it's relation to simple club fingers. Arch Intern Med 15:659-713, 1915

Ly HM, et al: Skin test responsiveness to a series of new tubercuhns of children living in three Vietnamese cities. Tubercle 70:27-36, 1989

Mahendra KK, et al: Lymphangiography in the tubercular abdomen. Indian J Radiol 26:287-289, 1972

Makanjuola D, et al: Mammographic features of breast tuberculosis: the skin bulge and sinus tract sign. Clin Radiol 51:354-358, 1996

Makanjuola D, et al: Radiological evaluation of complications of intestinal tuberculosis. Eur J Radiol 26:261-268, 1998

Malone JL, et al: Intracranial tuberculoma developing during therapy for tuberculous meningitis. West J Med 152:188-190, 1990

Manni JJ: Tuberculous laryngitis. Trop Geogr Med 34:109-112, 1982.1

Marsot-Dupuch K, et al: Tuberculosis of the ear; contribution of radiology. Ann Radiol (Paris) 26:473-476, 1983

McDonal Jb, Middleton PJ: Tuberculosis of the colon simulating carcinoma. Radiology 118:293, 1976

Medical Research Council (UK): Controlled trial of short course regimens of chemotherapy in the circulatory treatment of spinal tuberculosis. J Bone Jt Surg [Br] 75:240-248, 1993

Mehta JB: Abdominal tuberculosis mimicking neoplasia on computerized tomography. South Med J 78:1385-1386, 1985

Menzies IM, Fitzgerald JM, Mulpeter K: Laparoscopic diagnosis of ascites in Lesotho. Br Med J 291:473-475, 1985

Metcalf C: A history of tuberculosis. In: Cooradia HM, Benetar SR (eds) A century of tuberculosis. Oxford University Press, Cape Town, 1991, pp 1-31

Miles MM, Shaw RJ: The effect of inadvertent intradermal administration of high dose percutaneous BCG vaccine. Br Med J 312:1205, 1996

Milika-Cabanne N, et al: Radiographic abnormalities in tuberculosis and risk of co-existing human immuno-deficiency virus infection. Methods and preliminary results from Bujumbura, Burundi. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 152: 794-799, 1995

Milika-Cabanne N, et al: Radiographic abnormalities in tuberculosis and risk of co-existing human immuno-deficiency virus infection. Results from Dar es Salamm. Tanzania. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 152:786-793, 1995

Miller WT. Spectrum of pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection. Radiology 191:343-350, 1994

Mitchell RS, Bristol LJ: Intestinal tuberculosis: an analysis of 346 cases diagnosed by routine intestinal radiography on 5529 admissions for pulmonary tuberculosis, 1924-1949. Am J Med Sci 227:241-249, 1954

Moore EH: Atypical mycobacterial infections in the lung: CT appearances. Radiology 187:777-782, 1993

Morgan M: Breast tuberculosis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 52:593-603, 1931

Morse D, Brothwell DR, Ucko PJ: Tuberculosis in Ancient Egypt. Am Rev Respir Dis 90:525-535, 1964

Mortenson W, et al: Radiologic aspects of BCG-osteomyelitis in infants and children. Radiology 124:858, 1977

Moskovic E: Macronodular hepatic tuberculosis in a child: computed tomographic appearances. Br J Radiol 63:656-658, 1990

Naim-Ur-Rahman J: Atypical forms of spinal tuberculosis. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 62:162-165, 1980

N'Dhatz M, et al: Les aspects de la radiographie thoracique chez les tubercleux infectes par le VIH en Cote d'Ivoire. Rev Pneumol Clin 50:317-322, 1994

Obisesan AA, et al: Radiological features of tuberculosis of the spine in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Med Sci 6:55-67, 1977

Okoro EO, Komolafe OF: Gastric tuberculosis: unusual presentations in two patients. Clin Radiol 54:257-259, 1999

Onuora VA: Nonthyroid neck masses in tropical Africans. Trop Geogr Med 39:256-259, 1987

Palmer PES: Pulmonary tuberculosis. In: Middlemiss H (ed) Tropical Radiology. Heinemann, London, 1961, pp 191-200

Palmer PES: Pulmonary tuberculosis-usual and unusual radiographic presentations. Semin Roentgenol 14:204-243, 1979

Palmer PES, Daynes G: Transkei silicosis. S Afr Med J 41:1182-1188, 1967

Palmer PES, Rothman WT: The incidence and pattern of chest disease in an African hospital. Clin Radiol 15:211-218, 1963

Paterson DE: Tuberculosis of the upper alimentary tract. In: Middlemiss H (ed) Tropical radiology. William Heinemann Medical Books, London, 1961, pp 223-224

Pathria MN: Septic arthritis. Proc. 18th. Int. Congr. Radiol. Singapore, 203-204, 1994

Perneger TV; et al: Does the onset of tuberculosis in AIDS predict shorter survival? Results of a cohort study in 17 European countries over 13 years. Br Med J 311:1468-1471, 1995

Phemister DB, Hatcher CH: Correlation of the pathological and roentgenological findings in the diagnosis of tuberculous arthritis. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 29:736-740, 1993

Pinto RS, Zausner J, Bernbaum ER: Gastric tuberculosis. Report of a case with discussion of angiographic findings. Am J Roentgenol 110:808, 1970

Pomerance A: Tuberculoma of the intraventricular septum. Br Heart J 125:412-414, 1963

Premkumar A, Lattimer J, Newhouse JH: CT and sonography of advanced renal tract tuberculosis. Am J Roentgenol 148:65-69, 1987

Primack L, et al: Pulmonary tuberculosis and mycobacterium avium-intra cellulare: a comparison of CT findings. Radiology 194:413-417, 1995

Puliyel JM, et al: Adverse local reaction from accidental BCG overdose in infants. Br Med J 313:528-529, 1996

Raffa H, Mosieri J. Constrictive percicarditis in Saudi Arabia. East Afric Med J 67:609-613, 1990

Rajshekhar V; et al: Differentiating solitary small cysticercus granulomas and tuberculomas in patients with epilepsy. Clinical and computerized tomography criteria. J Neurosurg 78:402-407, 1993

Ramages LJ, Gerder R: Aural tuberculosis. A series of 25 patients. J Laryngol 99:1073-1076, 1985

Rathakrishan V: Osteoarticular tuberculosis. A radiological study in a Malaysian hospital. Skeletal Radiol 18:267-272, 1989

Reed DH, Nash AF, Valabhji R: Radiological diagnosis and management of a solitary tuberculous hepatic abscess. Br J Radiol 63:902-904, 1990

Reede DL, Bergeron RT: Cervical tuberculosis adenitis. CT manifestations. Radiology 154:701-704, 1985

Reeve PA et al: Clubbing in African patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Thorax 42:986-987, 1987

Richter C, et al: Clinical features of HIV seropositive and HIV seronegative patients with tuberculous pleural effusion in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Chest 106:1471-1475, 1994

Richter C, et al: Chest radiography and beta-2-microglobulin levels in HIV-seronegative and HIV-seropositive African patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Trop Geogr Med 46:283-287, 1994

Rochat T: Tuberculose 1992: Nouveaux aspects clinique, epidemiologiques et diagnostiques. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 123:140-147, 1993

Rosenzweig DT, Stead WW: The role of tuberculosis in the pathogenesis of bronchiectasis. Am Rev Respir Dis 93:769-785, 1966

Saini JS et al: Scleral tuberculosis. Trop Geogr Med 40:350-352, 1988

Saunders NA: State of the art: typing Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Hosp Infect 29:169-176, 1995

Schaffer R, Becker JA, Goodman J: Sonography of the tuberculous kidney. Urology 22:209-211, 1983

Schatz A, Bugie E, Waxman SA: Streptomycin, a substance exhibiting antibiotic activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 55:66-69, 1944

Schofield PF: Abdominal tuberculosis. Gut 26:1275-1278, 1985

Schulze K, Warner HA, Murray O: Intestinal tuberculosis. Am J Med 63:735-745, 1977

Scott JW et al: Tuberculous false aneurysm of the abdominal aorta with rupture into the stomach: a case report with review of the literature. Am Heart J 37:820-827, 1949

Segal T: Intestinal tuberculosis; Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in an urban black population. S Afr Med J 65:37-44, 1984

Serrano-Heranz A, et al: Tuberculous cardiac tamponade and AIDS. Eur Heart J 16:430-432, 1995

Shanan DH, Kibel MA: Tuberculosis. In: Stanfied P, et al. (eds) Diseases of children in the subtropics and tropics, 4th edn. Edward Arnold, London, 1991, pp 519-552

Sharif HS et al: Role of CT and MR imaging in the management of tuberculous spondylitis. Radiol Clin North Am 33:787-804, 1995

Sharma N, Prescott S: BCG vaccine in superficial bladder cancer. Br Med J 308:801-802, 1984

Smith RL, et al: Factors affecting the yield of acid-fast sputum smears in patients with HIV and tuberculosis. Chest 106:684-686, 1994

Staples WG et al: Disseminated tuberculosis with bone marrow necrosis and lymphoma. S Afr Med J 52:680-683, 1977

Stassa G: Tuberculous Peritonitis. Am J Roentgenol 101:409-500, 1967

Stewart CA et al: Unusual pattern of lung uptake of technetium 99 m sulfur colloid seen on the liver scan of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis. Clin Nucl Med 14:271-274, 1989

Stoker DJ: Spinal infection. Proc. 18th Int. Congr. Radiol. Singapore, 1994, pp 199-202

Suri S, et al: Computed tomography in abdominal tuberculosis: a pictorial revue. Br J Radiol 72:92-98, 1999.

Sutinen S: Evaluation of activity in tuberculous cavities of the lung. Scand J Resp Dis Suppl 67:5-78, 1968

Swensen SJ, Hartmann TE, Williams DE: Computerized tomography diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex in patients of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex in patients with bronchiectasis. Chest 105:49-52, 1994

Tabar L, et al: Tuberculosis of the breast. Radiology 118:587-589, 1976

Takhtani D, et al: Radiology of pancreatic tuberculosis; a report of three cases. Am J Gastroenterol 91:1832-1834, 1996.

Tam PKH, Saing H, Lee JMH: Colonoscopy in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis in children. Aust Paediatr J 22:143-144, 1986

Tan TCF, et al: Tuberculoma of the liver presenting as a hyperechoic mass on ultrasound. Br J Radiol 10:1293-1295, 1997

Tandon RK, et al: A clinico-radiological reappraisal of intestinal tuberculosis - changing profile. Gastroenterol Jpn 21:17-22, 1986

Templeton AC, Schmanz R: Cervical lymphadenopathy in Uganda. East Afr Med J 47:582-587, 1970

Thijn CJP, Steensma JT: Tuberculosis of the skeleton: focus on radiology, 1 st edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1990, p 12.1

Ting YM, et al: Lung carcinoma superimposed on pulmonary tuberculosis. Radiology 119:307, 1976

Umerah BC: Radiological patterns of spinal tuberculosis in the African. East Afr Med J 54:598-605, 1977

Vaidya MG, Sodhi JS: Gastrointestinal tract tuberculosis: a study of 102 cases including 55 hemicolectomies. Clin Radiol 29:189-195, 1970

Villoria MF, et al: MR imaging and CT of central nervous system tuberculosis in the patient with AIDS (review). Radiol Clin North Am 33:805-820, 1995

Vogel H, Rodrigues GHC: Peritonitis tuberculosa des Kleinkindes. Roentgenol 36:118-119, 1983

Voigt M, et al: Diagnostic value of ascites adenosine deaminase in tuberculous peritonitis. Lancet I:751-754, 1989

Wainwright J: Tuberculous endocarditis. A report of 2 cases. S Afr Med J 56:731-733, 1979

Walley J, Porter J: Chemoprophylaxis in tuberculosis and HIV infection. Br Med J 310:1621-1622, 1995

Weaver P, Lifeso RM: The radiological diagnosis of tuberculosis of the adult spine. Skeletal Radiol 12:178-186, 1984

Werbeloff L, et al: The radiology of tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract. Br J Radiol 46:329-336, 1973

Westall J: Tuberculosis leveling off worldwide. Br Med J 314:921, 1997

WHO: Tuberculosis, a global emergency. World Health Forum 14:438, 1993

WHO: Need for action against tuberculosis. World Health Forum 16:218, 1995

Wilms GE, et al: Computed tomographic findings in bilateral adrenal tuberculosis. Radiology 146:729-730, 1983

Witcombe JB, Cremin BJ: Tuberculosis erosion of the sphenoid bone. Br J Radiol 51:347-350, 1978

Yang PJ, et al: Brain abscess: an atypical CT appearance of CNS tuberculosis. Am J Neuroradiol 8:919-920, 1987

Yang SO: MR imaging diagnosis of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. Proc. 18th Int Congr Radiol Singapore C 19:222, 1994

Yang ZH, et al: DNA fingerprinting and phenotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - sera-positive and HIV-sera-negative patients in Tanzania. J Clin Microbiol 33:1064-1069, 1995

Yaniv E, Avedillo H: Parotid tumour as a presenting symptom of tuberculosis - a report of two cases. S Afr Med J 68:613-615, 1990

Young D: Gene deletion behind drug resistance: quoted in editorial. Br Med J 305:441, 1992

Zheng JW, Zhang QH: Tuberculosis on the parotid gland. A report of 12 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 53:849-851, 1995

Zvetina JR, et al: Mycobacterium intracellulare infection of the shoulder and spine. Skeletal Radiol 8:111-113, 198

Back to the Table of Contents

Copyright: Palmer and Reeder