Next Page

Chapter 39

Noma (Cancrum Oris)


Adeloye A (ed): Davey's Companion to Surgery in Africa. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1987, pp 147-159.

Biswal N, Mahadevan S, Srinivasan S: Gangenous stomatitis following measles. Indian Pediatr 29:509-511, 1992.

Cockshott P, Middlemiss H: Clinical Radiology in the Tropics. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1979, p 88.

Durrani KM: Surgical repair of defects from noma (cancrum oris). Plast Reconstr Surg 52:629-634, 1973.

Dutasta B: Eight cases of African noma. The therapeutic importance of nutrition. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 88:139-142, 1987.

Edington GM, Gilles HM: Pathology in the Tropics. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins Co, 1969, pp 450-452.

Enwonwu CO: Epidemiological and biochemical studies of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and noma (cancrum oris) in Nigerian children. Arch Oral Biol 17:1357,1972.

Enwonwu CO: Infectious oral necrosis (cancrum oris) in Nigerian children: a review. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol (Denmark) 13:190-194, 1985.

Enwonwu CO: Noma--a neglected Third World disease. World Health. 47:23, 1994.

Holcombe C: Surgery in the Tropics, In: Cook GC (ed): Manson's Tropical Diseases, 20th edn.. Saunders, London, 1996, pp 385-386

Jelliffe DB: Diseases of Children in the Subtropics and Tropics, 2nd edn. Edward Arnold, London, 1970, pp 389-392.

Joseph SW, Duncan JF: Noma., In: Binford CH, Connor DH (eds): Pathology of Tropical and Extraordinary Diseases. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC, 1976, pp 202-204.

Juster- Reicher A, Moligner BM, Levi G, et al: Neonatal noma. Am J Perinatol 10:409-411, 1993.

Lagundoye SB, Oluwasanmi JO: Radiologic examination of trismus as a complication of cancrum oris. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 39:812-820, 1975.

Merrel BW, Joseph SW, Casazza LJ, Duncan JF: Bacterial bone resorption in noma (gangrenous stomatitis). J Oral Pathol 10:173-185, 1981.

O'Connell JT II, Connor DH: Noma In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Appleton & Lange, Stamford, Connecticut, 1997, pp 709-711.

Oluwasanmi JO, Sulaman BL, Akinyemi OO: Ankylosis of the mandible from cancrum oris. Plast Reconstr Surg 57:342-350, 1976.

Tempest MN: Cancrum oris. Br J Surg 53:949-969, 1966.

Tempest MN: Cancrum oris. Tropical Doctor 1:164-169, 1971.

Back to the Table of Contents

Copyright: Palmer and Reeder
Tropical Medicine Mission Index of Diseases About Tropical Medicine Tropical Medicine Home Page Tropical Medicine Staff