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Chapter 36

Tropical Ulcers


Adamson PB: Tropical ulcer in British Somaliland. J Trop Med Hyg 52:68-75, 1949.

Adriaans B, Drasar BS: The isolation of fusobacteria from tropical ulcers. Epidemiol Infect 99:361-372, 1987.

Adriaans B: Tropical ulcer: a reappraisal based on recent work. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 82:185-189, 1988.

Barker JP, Ninkibigaya V: Buruli disease and patients' activities. East Afr Med J 49:260-269, 1972.

Blank H: Tropical phagedenic ulcer. Am J Trop Med Hyg 27:383-396, 1947.

Brown JS, Middlemiss JH: Bone changes in tropical ulcer. Br J Radiol 29:213-217, 1956.

Bruijn IDR, Bruijn GW: An eighteenth century medical hearing and the first observation of tropical phagedaena. Med Hist 35:295-307, 1991.

Connor DH, Neafie RC: Tropical phagedenic ulcer. In: Binford CH, Connor DH (eds) Pathology of Tropical and Extraordinary Diseases. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C., 1976, pp 199-200.

Cook GC (ed): Manson's Tropical Diseases, 20th edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1998

Davey WW: Companion to Surgery in Africa. E&S Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1968, pp 22-28.

Ennis JT, Gueri MC, Serjeany GR: Radiological changes associated with leg ulcers in the tropics. Br J Radiol 45:8-14, 1972.

Falkler WA Jr, et al: Isolation of Fusobacterium nucleateum and electron microscopic observations of spirochetes from tropical skin ulcers in Papua New Guinea. Am J Trop Med Hyg 40:390-398, 1989.

Girolami M, Capocaccia L: Tropicaloid ulcer. Dermatol Trop 1:75, 1962.

Janssens PG et al: Necrotic tropical ulcers and mycobacterial causative bacterial agents. Trop Geogr Med 11:293-312, 1959.

Kariks J: Tropical ulcer amongst the natives of New Guinea. Med J Aust 2:346-349, 1957.

Kolawole TM, Bohrer SP: Ulcer osteoma-bone response to tropical ulcer. Am J Roentgenol 109:611-618, 1970.

Lightman JA: Tropical ulcer. Thesis. University of Cape Town, South Africa, 1946.

Loewenthal LJA: Tropical phagedenic ulcer: a review. Int Rev Trop Med 2:267-291, 1963.

Lunn HF: Mycobacterial lesions in bone. East Afr Med J 40:113-117, 1963.

MacCallum P, et al: A new mycobacterial infection in man. J Pathol 60:93-122, 1948.

Mayans MV, et al: Risk factors for transmission of hepatitis B virus to Gambian children. Lancet 336:1107-1109, 1990.

McAdam I: Tropical phagedenic ulcers in Uganda. Report of an investigation. J R Coll Surg Edinb 11:196-205, 1966.

Meyers WM, Neafie RC: Tropical phagedenic ulcer. In: Strickland GT (ed) Hunter's Tropical Medicine, 7th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1991, pp 310-311.

Middlemias H: Tropical ulcer. In: Cockshott P, Middlemias H: Clinical Radiology in the Tropics. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1979.

Morris GE, et al: The diagnosis and management of tropical ulcer in East Septic province of Papua New Guinea. J Trop Med Hyg 92:215-220, 1989.

Ngu VA: Tropical ulcers in Ibadan. West Afr Med J 9:247-255, 1960.

Ngu VA: Medicine in tropics: tropical ulcers. BMJ 1:283-285, 1967.

O'Brien HD: Treatment of tropical ulcers. BMJ 2:1544-1550, 1951.

O'Brien JP: Tropical ulcer. In: Hunter GW, Swartzwelder JC, Clyde DF (eds) Tropical Medicine, 5th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1976, pp 666-667.

Palmer PES: Two doctors in Central Africa. Centr Afr J Med 31:119-123, 1985.

Robinson DC, Hay RJ: Tropical ulcer in Zambia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 80:132-137, 1986.

Robinson DC, et al: The clinical and epidemiological features of tropical ulcers (tropical phagedenic ulcer). Int J Dermatol 27:49-53, 1988.

Smith EC: Note on bacteriology of tropical ulcers. West Afr Med 4:68-69, 1931.

Smith EC: Tropical ulcer, results of experimental inoculation in hedgehogs. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 30:259-262, 1936.

Smith EC, Elmas R: Experimental tropical ulcers. West Afr Med J 4:87-91, 1931.

Thomson IG: Pathogenesis of tropical ulcer amongst Hausas of Northern Nigeria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 50:485-496, 1956.

Tumwine JK: Tropical ulcers in a remote area in Zimbabwe. Centr Afr J Med 35:413-416, 1989.

Uganda Buruli Group: Buruli ulcer. Lancet 1:111-113, 1969.

Uganda Buruli Group: Report II. Clinical features and treatment of pre-ulcerative Buruli lesions. (Mycobacterium ulcerans infections). BMJ 2:390-393, 1970.

Vint FN: Malignant diseases in natives of Kenya. Lancet 2:628-630, 1935.

Wilson C: Tropical ulcer among Hausas, letter. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 51:91, 1957.

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