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Chapter 16

Tropical Sprue; Kwashiorkor


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Brasitus TA: Parasites and malabsorption. Am J Med 67:1058-1065, 1979.

Brunser 0, Eidelman S, Klipstein FA: Intestinal morphology of rural Haitians: a comparison between overt tropical sprue and asymptomatic subjects. Gastroenterology 58: 655-658, 1970.

Caldwell WL, Swanson VL, Bayless TM: The importance and reliability of the radiographic examination of the small bowel in patients with tropical sprue. Radiology 84:227-240, 1965.

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Chaves FJC, Velaso FT, Cruz I, et al: Subclinical tropical enteropathy in Angola: peroral jejunal biopsies and absorption studies in asymptomatic healthy men. Mount Sinai J Med 48: 47-52, 1981.

Cockshott WP: Tropical sprue. In Rigler LG (Am ed): Textbook of Roentgen Diagnosis, 2nd edn. New York, Grune & Stratton, 1969, vol. 3, pp 649-651.

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Cook GC: Impairment of D-xylose absorption in Zambian patients with systemic intestinal infections. Am J Clin Nutr 25: 490-493, 1972.

Cook GC: Malabsorption in Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 68: 419-436, 1974.

Cook GC: Tropical sprue. Implications of Manson's concept. J R Coll Physicians 12:323- 349, 1978.

Cook GC: Delayed small-intestinal transit in tropical malabsorption. Br Med J 2: 238-240, 1978.

Cook GC: The D-Xylose absorption test in different ethnic groups. Trop Geogr Med 31: 93- 97, 1979.

Cook GC: Tropical Gastroenterology. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1980, pp 228-229, 271-339.

Cook GC: Aetiology and pathogenesis of postinfectious tropical malabsorption (tropical sprue). Lancet I: 721-723, 1984.

Cook GC: Travellers' diarrhea and postinfective malabsorption. Med Int 77: 3222, 1990.

Cook GC: The small intestine and its role in chronic diarrheal disease in the tropics. In: Gracey M (ed): Diarrhea. Boca Raton, Florida, CRC Press, 1991, pp 127-162.

Cook GC: Postinfective malabsorption including tropical sprue. In: Bouchier IAD, Allan RN, Hodgson JF, et al (eds): Gastroenterology: Clinical Science and Practice. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1993, pp 522-537.

Cook GC: Tropical disease and the small intestine. In: Miesiwicz JJ, Pounder RE, Venables CW (eds): Diseases of the Gut and Pancreas. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific, 1994, pp 597- 615.

Cook GC: Persistent diarrhea and malabsorption. Gut 35: 582-586, 1994.

Cook GC: Tropical enteropathy and subclinical malabsorption. In: Cook GC (ed): Manson's Tropical Diseases (ed 20). Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, pp 35-36.

Cook GC, Menzies IS: Intestinal absorption and unmediated permeation of sugars in postinfective tropical malabsorption (tropical sprue). Digestion 33: 109-116, 1986.

Cooke WT: The jejunal mucosa. In Cooke WT, Holmes GKT (eds): Celiac Disease. London, Churchill Livingstone, 1984, pp 23-66.

Corcino JJ: Recent advances in tropical sprue. In: Csaky TZ (ed): Intestinal Absorption and Malabsorption. New York, Raven Press, 1975, pp 285-299.

Cortell S, et al: Tropical sprue and intussusception: an unusual association. Report of a case. Am J Dig Dis 12:216-221, 1967.

Davidson GP, Barnes GL: Structural and functional abnormalities of the small intestine in infants and young children with rotavirus enteritis. Acta Paediat Scand 68: 181-186, 1979.

Dean AG, Jones TC: Seasonal gastroenteritis and malabsorption at an American military base in the Philippines. I. Clinical and epidemiologic investigation of the acute illness. Am J Epidemiol 95:111-127, 1972.

Desai HG, Borkar AV, Pathare SM, et al: "Flat" jejunal mucosa in the tropics. Ind J Med Sci 23:1-5, 1969.

Dobbins WO III: Tropical sprue syndrome. In: Dobbins WO III (ed): Diagnostic Pathology of the Intestinal Mucosa. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1990, pp 136-137.

Duncan W, Leonard JD: The malabsorption syndrome following radiotherapy. Q J Med 34:319-329, 1965.

Duque E, Bolanos 0, Lotero H, et al: Enteropathy in adult protein malnutrition - light microscopic findings. Am J Clin Nutr 28: 901-913, 1975.

Elia M, Northrop CA, Lunn PG, et al: Effect of systemic infection on intestinal permeability in man. Proc Nutr Soc 48: A80, 1989.

England NWJ: Intestinal pathology of tropical sprue. Am J Clin Nutr 21:962-975, 1968.

Falaiye JM: Tropical sprue in Nigeria. J Trop Med Hyg 73:119-125, 1970.

Falaiye JM. Present status of subclinical intestinal malabsorption in the tropics. Br Med J 4: 454-458, 1971.

Floch MH, Caldwell WL, Sheehy TW: Histopathologic basis for the interpretation of small bowel roentgenography in tropical sprue. Am J Roentgenol 87:709-716, 1962.

Floch MH, Thomassen RW, Cox RS Jr, et al: The gastric mucosa in tropical sprue. Gastroenterology 44:567-577, 1963.

Freeman HJ, Kim YS, Sleisenger MH: Protein digestion and absorption in man. Normal mechanisms and protein-energy malnutrition. Am J Med 67:1030-1036, 1979.

French AB: Tropical sprue--specific disease or extreme of a spectrum? Ann Intern Med 68:1362-1364, 1968.

Garcia S: Malabsorption and malnutrition in Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 21:1066-1076, 1968.

Gardner FH, Perez-Santiago E: Oral absorption tolerance tests in tropical sprue. Arch Intern Med 98: 467-474, 1956.

Garrido JA, Sheehy TW: Tropical sprue. In: Haubrich WS, Schaffner F, Berk JE (eds): Bockus Gastroenterology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1995, pp 1049-1062.

Gerson CD, Kent TH, Saha J, et al: Recovery of small intestinal structure and function after residence in the tropics. II. Studies in Indians and Pakistanis living in New York City. Ann Intern Med 75: 41-48, 1971.

Glynn J: Tropical sprue - its aetiology and pathogenesis. J R Soc Med 79: 599-606, 1986.

Golden R: Radiological Examination of the Small Intestine, 2nd edn. Springfield, Illinois, Charles C Thomas Publisher, 1959.

Goldman H: Disorders of the jejunum. In: Goldman H, Hayek J, Federman M (eds): Contemporary Issues in Surgical Pathology: Gastrointestinal Mucosal Biopsy. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 1996, pp 275-343.

Gorbach SL: Travellers' diarrhea. In: Gorbach SL, Bartlett JG, Blacklow NR (eds): Infectious Diseases. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1992, pp 622-628.

Gorbach SL, Banwell JG, Jacobs B, et al: Tropical sprue and malnutrition in West Bengal. I. Intestinal microflora and absorption. Am J Clin Nutr 23:1545-1558, 1970.

Gray GM, Walter WM Jr, Colver EH: Persistent deficiency of intestinal lactase in apparently cured tropical sprue. Gastroenterology 54: 552-558, 1968.

Gray GM: Tropical sprue. Chronic intestinal malabsorption in the tropics. In Blaser MJ, Smith PD, Ravdin JI, et al (eds): Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract. New York, Raven Press, 1995, pp 333-341.

Green PA, Wollaeger EE: The clinical behavior of sprue in the United States. Gastroenterology 38:399-418, 1960.

Griffiths JK, Gorbach SL: Indigenous flora. In: Wyllie R, Hyams JS (eds): Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1993, pp 46-52.

Haeney MR, Montgomery RD, Schneider R: Sprue in the Middle East: five case reports. Gut 15: 377-386, 1974.

Haghighi P, Nasr K: Tropical sprue: subclinical and idiopathic enteropathy. In: Sommers SC (ed): Pathology Annual. New York, Appleton Century-Crofts, 1975, pp 177-203.

Haghighi P, Riaz A, Nasr K: Idiopathic subclinical enteropathy in Southern Iran. Isr J Med Sci 15: 362-363, 1979.

Haghighi P, Wolf PL: Tropical sprue and subclinical enteropathy: A vision for the nineties. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 34:313-341, 1997.

Harris OD, et al: Malignancy in adult celiac disease and idiopathic steatorrhea. Am J Med 42:899-912, 1967.

Haworth EM, et al: Radiologic measurement of small bowel caliber in normal subjects according to age. Clin Radiol 18:427-431, 1967.

Hutt MSR: Epidemiology of chronic intestinal disease in Middle Africa. Isr J Med Sci 15: 314-317, 1979.

Jeejeebhoy KN, Desai HG, Borkar AV, et al: Tropical malabsorption syndrome in West India. Am J Clin Nutr 21:994-1006, 1968.

Kaschula ROC: Tropical sprue. In: Doerr W, Seifert G (eds): Tropical Pathology, 2nd edn. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1995, pp 1019-1022.

Kaschula ROC, Gajjar PD, Mann M: Infantile jejunal mucosa in infection and malnutrition. Isr J Med Sci 15: 356-361, 1979.

Keele KD, Bound JP: Sprue in India: a clinical survey of 600 cases. Br Med J 1: 77-81, 1946.

Kent TH, Lindenbaum J: Correlation of jejunal function and morphology in patients with acute and chronic diarrhea in East Pakistan. Gastroenterology 52: 966-971, 1967.

Klipstein FA: Tropical sprue - an iceberg disease? Ann Intern Med 66:622-623, 1967.

Klipstein FA: Tropical sprue. Gastroenterology 54: 275-293, 1968.

Klipstein FA: Tropical sprue in the Western Hemisphere. In: Tropical Sprue and Megaloblastic Anemia. Wellcome Trust Collaborative Study, Wellcome Trust. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1971, pp129-158.

Klipstein FA: Folate in tropical sprue. Br J Haematol 23(Suppl): 119-133, 1972.

Klipstein FA: Sprue and subclinical malabsorption in the tropics. Lancet I: 277-278, 1979.

Klipstein FA. Tropical sprue in travelers and expatriates living abroad. Gastroenterology 80: 590-600, 1981.

Klipstein FA: Tropical sprue. In Sleisenger MH, Fordtran JS (eds): Gastrointestinal Disease. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1993, pp 1097-1105.

Klipstein FA, Falaiye JM: Tropical sprue in expatriates from the tropics living in the continental United States. Medicine (Baltimore) 48: 475-491, 1969.

Klipstein FA, Samloff IM, Smarth G, Schenk EA: Treatment of overt and subclinical malabsorption in Haiti. Gut 10:315-332, 1969.

Klipstein FA, Schenk EA: Enterotoxigenic intestinal bacteria in tropical sprue. II. Effect of the bacteria and their enterotoxins on intestinal structure. Gastroenterology 68: 642-655, 1975.

Klipstein FA, Short HB, Engert RF, et al: Contamination of the small intestine by enterotoxigenic coliform bacteria among the rural population of Haiti. Gastroenterology 70: 1035-1041, 1976.

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Lindenbaum J: Small intestine dysfunction in Pakistanis and Americans resident in Pakistan. Am J Clin Nutr 21: 1023-1029, 1968.

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Marshak RH, Lindner AE: Malabsorption syndrome. Semin Roentgenol 1:138-177, 1966.

Mathan M, Mathan VI, Baker S: An electron microscopic study of jejunal mucosal morphology in control subjects and in patients with tropical sprue in southern India. Gastroenterology 68: 17-32, 1975.

Mathan MM, Mathan VI: Rectal mucosal morphologic abnormalities in normal subjects in southern India: a tropical colonopathy? Gut 26: 710-717, 1985.

Mathan MM, Mathan VI: Gastrointestinal biopsy diagnosis in the tropics.Current Topics in Pathology, 81:105-131,1990

Mathan VI: Tropical sprue in southern India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 82: 10-14, 1988.

Mathan VI: Tropical sprue. Springer Symposia. Immunopathology 12: 231-237, 1990.

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