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Chapter 15

Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever;

Salmonella Infections


Archampong EQ: Operative treatment of typhoid perforation of the bowel (121 cases). Br Med J 2:273-276, 1969.

Bohrer SP: Typhoid perforation of the ileum. Br J Radiol 39:37-41, 1966.

Bourrel P, Boissan RH: Un cas Saudanais de spondylite typhique. Med Trop 21:134-140, 1961.

Cherigie E, Laporte A, Verspyck R: Aspect radiologique du grele chez les typhiques. J Radiol Electrol 34:522-524, 1953.

Cockshott P, Middlemiss H: Clinical Radiology in the Tropics. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1979, pp 103-105.

Collins WJ, Ball RE, Dorsey TJ: Typhoid ileitis with hemorrhage. A case report with new therapy. Am J Dig Dis 20:94, 1975.

Delamarre J, et al: Bleeding cecal typhoid ulcer. Value of emergency angiography for selective surgical hemostasis. Hepato-gastroenterology 30:266-267, 1983.

Dickson JAS, Cole GT: Perforation of the terminal ileum. Br J Surg 51:893-897, 1964.

Elegbeleye OO: Typhoid fever in Lagos, Nigeria. West Indian Med J 25:39-42, 1976.

Francis RS, Berk RN: Typhoid fever. Radiology 112:583-585, 1974.

Frimann-Dahl J: Roentgen Examinations in Acute Abdominal Diseases (ed 3). Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas Publisher, 1974, pp 53, 344.

Gardiner R, Smith C: Infective enterocolitides. Radiol Clin North Am 25:67-78, 1987.

Golden R: Radiologic Examination of the Small Intestine (ed 2). Springfield, Illinois, Charles C Thomas Publisher, 1959, p 314.

Grundy A, Gilks CF: Typhoid: an unusual cause of gastro-intestinal bleeding. Br J Radiol 57:344-346, 1984.

Hendrickse RG, Collard P: Salmonella osteitis in Nigerian children. Lancet I: 80-82, 1960.

Hook EW, et al: Salmonella osteitis in patients with sickle cell anemia. N Engl J Med 257:403-407, 1957.

Hucksstep RL: Recent advances in the surgery of typhoid fever. Ann Roy Coll Surg 26:207-230, 1960.

Huckstep RL: Typhoid Fever and Other Salmonella Infections. Edinburgh, E & S Livingstone, 1962.

Ikeme AC: A clinical review of typhoid fever in Ibadan. J Trop Med Hyg 69:15-21, 1966.

Isaacson M, Hale MJ: Typhoid fever. In: Doerr W, Seifert G: Tropical Pathology (ed 2). Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1995, pp 168-177.

Kabakian HA, Nassar NT, Nasrallah SM: Roentgenographic findings in typhoid fever. AJR 125:198-206, 1975.

Kauffman G: Angiographie und angiotherapie bei intestinalen vaskulopathien. Therapiewoche 33:352, 1983.

Kayabali I, Gokcora IH, Kayabali M: A contemporary evaluation of enteric perforations in typhoid fever: analysis of 257 cases. Int Surg 75:96-100, 1990.

Kelly JK, Owen DA: Salmonellae. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Connecticut, Appleton & Lange, 1997, pp 421-424.

Mandal BK: Typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Clin Gastroenterol 8:715, 1979.

Mandal BK: Salmonella typhi and other salmonellas. Gut 35:726-728, 1994.

Mandal BK: Salmonella infections. In: Cook GC (ed): Manson's Tropical Diseases. (ed 20). London, Saunders, 1996, pp 849-863.

Meier DE, Imediegwu OO, Tarpley JL: Perforated typhoid enteritis: operative experience with 108 cases. Am J Surg 157:423-427, 1989.

Olutola PS, Familusi JB: Salmonella typhi pneumonia without gastrointestinal manifestations. Diagn Imag Clin Med 54:263-267, 1985.

Pontes JF: Disorders of the small intestine. CIBA Clin Symp 12:107-134,1960.

Rappaport EM, Rappaport EO: Typhoid enterocolitis simulating chronic bacillary dysentery: report of a case with cure by chloromycetin. N Engl J Med 242:698, 1950.

Recto-sigmoid typhoid abscess causing hydronephrosis. Cent Afr J Med 39:22, 1993.

Reeder MM, Palmer PES: Infections and infestations of the gastrointestinal tract. In: Freeny PC, Stevenson GW (eds): Margulis & Burhenne's Alimentary Tract Roentgenology (ed 5). St Louis, Mosby, 1994, vol 1, pp 888-951.

Sharma AM, Sharma OP: Pulmonary manifestations of typhoid fever. Two case reports and a review of the literature. Chest 101:1144-1146, 1992.

Silverman DN, Leslie A: Simulation of chronic bacterial dysentery by paratyphoid B infection. Gastroenterology 4:53-60, 1945.

Slomic AM, Rousseau B: Salmonella colitis: two cases of a milder form (in French). Ann de Radiologie 19:431-435, 1976.

Smith JH: Typhoid fever. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Conn. Appleton & Lange, 1997, pp 875-887.

Stenstrom R: Spondylitis caused by Salmonella typhimurium. Acta Radiol 49:355-360, 1958.

Strate RW, Bannayan GA: Typhoid fever causing massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. A reminder of things past. JAMA 236:1979, 1976.

Suchato C, Vongvichien P, Phanchet S, Raksasook S: Diagnosis by selective arteriography in hemorrhage resulting from typhoid fever. Ann Surg 179:941, 1974.

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