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Chapter 13



Adetiloye VA: A case of fatal gastrointestinal strongyloidiasis in an otherwise healthy Nigerian, masquerading as gastric outlet obstruction. Trop Geogr Med 44:60-62, 1992.

Alcorn M Jr: Secondary malabsorption syndrome produced by chronic strongyloidiasis. South Med J 54:193-197, 1961.

Ashdad RW,et al: Parasitol Today 8:314-318, 1992.

Barrett-Connor E: Parasitic pulmonary disease. Am Rev Resp Dis 126:558-563, 1982.

BergerR, Kraman S, Paciotti M: Pulmonary strongyloidiasis complicating therapy with corticosteroids: report of a case with secondary bacterial infections. Am J Trop Med Hyg 29:31-34, 1980.

Berk JE, et al: Pulmonary and intestinal changes in strongyloidiasis. Gastroenterology 1:1100-1111, 1943.

Berk SL, Verghese A, Alvarez S, et al: Clinical and epidemiologic features of strongyloidiasis: a prospective study in rural Tennessee. Arch Intern Med 147:1257-1261, 1987.

Berkmen YM, Rabinowitz J: Gastrointestinal manifestations of strongyloidiasis. Am J Roentgenol 115:306-311, 1972.

Bone MF, Chesner IM, Oliver R, Asquith P: Endoscopic appearances of duodenitis due to strongyloidiasis. Gastrointest Endosc 28:190-191, 1982.

Bras G, et al: Infection with Strongyloides stercoralis in Jamaica. Lancet II:1257, 1964.

Bruno P, McAllister K, Matthews JI: Pulmonary strongyloidiasis. South Med J 75:363-365, 1982.

Caceres MH, Genta RM: Pulmonary microcalcifications associated with Strongyloides stercoralis infection. Chest 94:862-865, 1988.

Cahill KM: Thiabendazole in massive strongyloidiasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 16:451-453, 1967.

Chu E, Whitlock WL, Dietrich RA: Pulmonary hyperinfection syndrome with Strongyloides stercoralis. Chest 97:1475-1477, 1990.

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Cookson JB, Montgomery RD, Morgan HV, Tudor RW: Fatal paralytic ileus due to strongyloidiasis. Br Med J 4:771-772, 1972.

Craven JL, Cantrell EG , Lewis MG: Strongyloides stercoralis infection presenting as necrotizing jejunitis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 65:532-533, 1971.

Dallemand S, Waxman M, Farman J: Radiological manifestations of Strongyloides stercoralis. Gastrointest Radiology 8:45-51, 1983.

Davidson RA: Strongyloidiasis: a presentation of 63 cases. NC Med J 43:23-25, 1982.

Davidson RA: Infection due to Strongyloides stercoralis in patients with pulmonary disease. South Med J 85:28-31, 1992.

De Paola D: Enteritis due to Strongyloides stercoralis--5 fatal cases. Am J Dig Dis 7:1086-1098, 1962.

Devault GA Jr, King JW, Rohr MS, et al: Opportunistic infections with Strongyloides stercoralis in renal transplantation. Rev Infect Dis 12:653-671, 1990.

Dias RM, et al: Strongyloides stercoralis in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). [in Portuguese] Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 34:15-17, 1992.

Ford J, Reiss-Levy E, Clark E, et al: Pulmonary strongyloidiasis and lung abscess. Chest 79:239-240, 1981.

Frye WW: Parasitism of small bowel. JAMA 183:368-370, 1963.

Gachot B, Bouvet E, Bure A, Wolff M, et al: HIV infection and "malignant" strongyloidiasis. [in French] Rev Prat 40:2129-2130, 1990.

Genta R,M, Haque AK: Strongyloidiasis. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Conn., Appleton & Lange, 1997, pp 1567-1576.

Giannoulis E, Arvanitakis C, Zaphiropoulos A, et al: Disseminated strongyloidiasis with uncommon manifestations in Greece. J Trop Med Hyg 89:171-178, 1986.

Gompels MM, Todd J, Peters BS, et al: Disseminated strongyloidiasis in AIDS: uncommon but important. [Review]. AIDS 5:329-332, 1991.

Grove DI: Strongyloidiasis in Allied ex-prisoners of war in southeast Asia. Br Med J 2801:598-601, 1980.

Hira PR, Patel BG: Human strongyloidiasis due to the primate species. Strongyloides fulleborni: Trop Geogr Med 32:23-29, 1980.

Hizawa K, Iida M, Eguchi K, Tada S, et al: Comparative features of double-contrast barium studies in patients with isosporiasis and strongyloidiasis. Clin Radiol 53:764-767, 1998.

Igra-Siegman Y, Kapila R, Sen P, et al: Syndrome of hyperinfection with Strongyloides stercoralis. Rev Infect Dis 3:397-407, 1981.

Johnson S, Johnson C: A preliminary study of Strongyloides infestation. J Assoc Physicians India 15:513-517, 1967.

Lessnau K-D, Can S, Talavera W: Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: treatment failure and a review of the literature. Chest 104:119-122, 1993.

Longworth DL, Weller PF: Hyperinfection syndrome with strongyloidiasis. In: Remington JS, Swartz MN (eds): Current Clinical Topics in Infectious Diseases, vol 7. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987.

Louisy CL, Barton CJ: The radiological diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis enteritis. Radiology 98:535-541, 1971.

Makris AN, Sher S, Bertoli C, Latour MG: Pulmonary strongyloidiasis: an unusual opportunistic pneumonia in a patient with AIDS. AJR 161:545-547,1993.

Marcial-Rojas RA: Pathology of Protozoal and Helminthic Diseases. Huntington, NY, Robert Krieger Publishing Co, 1975, pp 711-733.

Medina LS, Heiken JP, Gold RP: Pipestem appearance of small bowel in strongyloidiasis is not pathognomonic of fibrosis and irreversibility. AJR 159:543-544, 1992.

Middlemiss H: Gastrointestinal parasites. In: Margulis AR, Burhenne HJ (eds): Alimentary Tract Roentgenology, 2nd edn. St. Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1973, pp 1557-1574.

Milder JE, Walzer PD, Kilgore G, et al: Clinical features of Strongyloides stercoralis infection in an endemic area of the United States. Gastroenterology 80:1481-1488, 1981.

Milner PF, et al: Intestinal malabsorption in Strongyloides stercoralis infestation. Gut 6:574-581, 1965.

Nwokolo C, Imohiosen EA: Strongyloidiasis of respiratory tract presenting as "asthma". Br Med J 2:153-154, 1973.

Onile B, Komolafe F, Oladiran B: Severe strongyloidiasis presenting as occult gastro-intestinal tract malignancy. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 79:301-304, 1985.

Paterson DE: Strongyloides infestation of the jejunum. Case report. Br J Radiol 31:102-103, 1958.

Pelletier LL Jr: Chronic strongyloidiasis in World War II Far East ex-prisoners of war. Am J Trop Med Hyg 33:55-61, 1984.

Pelletier LL Jr, Gabre-Kidan T: Chronic strongyloidiasis in Vietnam veterans. Am J Med 78:139-140, 1985.

Penalba C, Cerf M, Bigot JM, et al: Radiological aspects of the duodenum and small intestine in severe strongyloidiasis. Apropos of 4 cases. [in French] J de Radiologie 64:241-248, 1983.

Pijls NH, Yap SH, Rosenbusch G, Prenen H: Pancreatic mass due to Strongyloides stercoralis infection: an unusual manifestation. Pancreas 1:90-93, 1986.

Pinheiro GC, et al: Strongyloidiasis as the cause of fatal intestinal subocclusion. Med Cir Farm 280:311, 1959.

Powell RW, Moss JP, Nagar D, et al: Strongyloidiasis in immunocompromised hosts: presentation as massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Arch Intern Med 140:1061-1063, 1980.

Proctor EM, Isaac-Renton JL, Robertson WB, Black WA: Strongyloidiasis in Canadian Far East war veterans. Can Med Assoc J 133:876-878, 1985.

Rawat B, Simons ME: Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfestation. Another cause of focal hepatic lesions. Clin Imaging 17:274-275, 1993.

Reeder MM, Palmer PES: Acute tropical pneumonias. Semin Roentgenol 15:35-49,1980.

Rowlands PC, Speechly-Dick ME, Grech P: Strongyloidiasis of the colon. Brit J Radiol 63:650-652, 1990.

Schad, GA, Aikens LM, Smith G: Strongyloides stercoralis: is there a canonical migratory route through the host? J Parasitol 75:740-749, 1989.

Scowden EB, Schaffner W, Stone WJ: Overwhelming strongyloidiasis: an unappreciated opportunistic infection. Medicine (Baltimore) 57:527-544, 1978.

Scully RE, Mark EJ, McNeely BU: Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection. NEJM 314:903-913, 1986.

Simpson WG, Gerhardstein DC, Thompson JR: Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis infection. South Med J 86:821-825, 1993.

Stey C, Jost J, Luthy R: Extraintestinal strongyloidiasis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. [in German] Deutsch Med-Wochenschr 115:1716-1719, 1990.

Thompson JR, Berger R: Fatal adult respiratory distress syndrome following successful treatment of pulmonary strongyloidiasis. Chest 99:772-774, 1991.

Walzer PD, Milder JE, Banwell JG, et al: Epidemiologic features of Strongyloides stercoralis infection in an endemic area of the country. Am J Trop Med Hyg 31:313-319, 1982.

Williford ME, Foster WL Jr, Halvorsen RA, Thompson WM: Emphysematous gastritis secondary to disseminated strongyloidiasis. Gastrointestinal Rad 7:123-126, 1982.

Wong B: Parasitic diseases in immunocompromised hosts. Am J Med 76:479-486, 1984.

Woodring JH, Halfhill H 2nd, Reed JC: Pulmonary strongyloidiasis: clinical and imaging features [review]. AJR 162:537-542, 1994.

Yee A, Boylen CT, Noguchi T, et al: Fatal Strongyloides stercoralis infection in a patient receiving corticosteroids. West J Med 146:363-364, 1987.

Yoshida T, Nozaki F, Tanaka K, et al: Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection: sequential changes of gastrointestinal radiology after treatment with thiabendazole. Gastrointest Radiol 6:223-225, 1981.

Angiostrongyliasis cantonensis

Alicata JE: The discovery of Angiostrongylus cantonensis as a cause of human eosinophilic meningitis. Parasitol Today 4:151-153, 1991.

Bunnag T: Angiostrongylus meningitis. In: Strickland GT (ed): Hunter's Tropical Medicine, 7th edn. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1991, pp 767-771.

Clouston PD, Corbett AJ, Pryor DS, et al: Eosinophilic meningitis: cause of a chronic pain syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 53:778-781, 1990.

Cross JH: Angiostrongyliasis. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Conn., Appleton & Lange, 1997, pp 1307-1314.

Hsu W-Y, Chen J-Y, Chien C-T, et al: Eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostronglyus cantonensis. Pediatr Infect Dis J 9:443-445, 1990.

Jindrak K. Angiostrongyliasis cantonensis (eosinophilic meningitis, Alicata's disease). In: Contemporary Neurology Series, vol. 12, ch. 8, pp 133-164, 1995.

Ko RC, Chiu MC, Kum W, et al: First report of human angiostrongyliasis in Hong Kong diagnosed by computerized axial tomography (CAT) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Trans Roy Soc Med Hyg 78:354-355, 1984.

Marty AM, Andersen EM: Angiostrongylus. In: Doerr W, Seifert G (eds): Tropical Pathology, 2nd edn. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1995, pp 895-900.

Nye SW, Tangchai P, Sundarakiti S, et al: Lesions of the brain in eosinophilic meningitis. Arch Pathol 89:9-19, 1970.

Punyagupta S, Juttijudata P, Bunnag T, et al: Eosinophilic meningitis in Thailand: clinical studies of 484 typical cases probably caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 214:921-931, 1975.

Purohit AK, Dinakar L, Sundaram C, et al: Angiostrongylus cantonensis abscess in the brain. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 54:1015-1016, 1991.

Rosen L, Loison G, Laigret J, et al: Studies on eosinophilic meningitis: III. Epidemiologic and clinical observations on Pacific islands and the possible etiologic role of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Am J Epidemiol 85:17-44, 1967.

Scrimgeour EM: Distribution of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Papua New Guinea. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 78:776-779, 1984.

Sonokul DS: Pathological findings in four cases of human angiostrongyliasis. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 9:220-227, 1978.

Wood G, Delamont S, Whitby M, Boyle R: Spinal sensory radiculopathy due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection. Postgrad Med J 67:70-72, 1991.

Yii CY: Clinical observations on eosinophilic meningitis and meningoencephalitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Taiwan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 25:233-249, 1976.

Angiostrongyliasis (Parastrongylosis) costaricensis

Baird JK, Neafie RC, Lanoie L, Connor DH: Abdominal angiostrongylosis in an African man: case study. Am J Trop Med Hyg 37:353-356, 1987.

Baird JK: Abdominal parastrongylosis. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Conn., Appleton & Lange, 1997, pp 1531-1535.

Cespedes R, Salas J, Mekbel S, et al: Granulomas entericos y linfaticos con intensa eosinofilia tisular producidos por un estrongilideo (Strongylata). Acta Med Cost 10:235-255, 1967.

Duarte Z, Morera P, Vuong PN: Abdominal angiostrongyliasis in Nicaragua: A clinico- pathological study on a series of 12 case reports. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 66:259-262, 1991.

Graeff-Teixeira C, Camillo-Coura L, Leuzi HL: Histopathological criteria for the diagnosis of abdominal angiostrongyliasis. Parasitol Res 77:606-611, 1991.

Hulbert TV, Larson RA, Chandrasoma PT: Abdominal angiostrongyliasis mimicking acute appendicitis and Meckel's diverticulum: Report of a case in the United States and review. Clin Infect Dis 14:836-840, 1992.

Liacouras CA, Bell LM, Aljabi MC, Piccoli DA: Angiostrongylus costaricensis enterocolitis mimics Crohn's disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutri 16:203-207, 1993.

Loria-Cortes R, Lobo-Sanahuja HF: Clinical abdominal angiostrongylosis. A study of 116 children with intestinal eosinophilic granuloma caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 29:538-544, 1980.

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Morera P, Cespedes R: Angiostrongylus costaricensis: a new lungworm occurring in man in Costa Rica. Rev Biol Trop 18:173-185, 1971.

Morera P: Life history and redescription of Angiostrongylus costaricensis, Morera and Cespedes, 1971. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 22:613-621, 1973.

Morera P: Abdominal angiostrongyliasis. Clin Trop Med Comm Dis 2:747-754, 1987.

Morera P: Abdominal angiostrongyliasis. In: Strickland GT (ed): Hunter's Tropical Medicine, 7th edn. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1991, pp 771-773.

Neafie RC, Marty AM: Unusual infections in humans. Clin Microbiol Rev 6:34-56, 1993.

Sanchez GA: Intestinal perforation by Angiostrongylus costaricensis. A report of 2 cases. Rev Med Panama 17:74-81, 1992.

Silvera CT, Ghali VS, Roven S, et al: Angiostrongyliasis: a rare cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Am J Gastroenterol 84:329-332, 1989.

Ubelaker JE, Hall NM: First report of Angiostrongylus costaricensis, Morera and Cespedes, 1971, in the United States. J Parasitol 65:307, 1979.

Ubelaker JE: Systematics of species referred to the genus Angiostrongylus. J Parasitol 72:237- 244, 1986.

Vazquez JJ, Boils PL, Sola JJ, et al: Angiostronglyiasis in a European patient: a rare cause of gangrenous ischemic enterocolitis. Gastroenterology 105:1544-1549, 1993.

Vazquez JJ, Sola JJ, Boils PL: Hepatic lesions induced by Angiostrongylus costaricensis. Histopathology 25:489-491, 1994.

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