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Chapter 10



Aslam M, et al: Ultrasonographic diagnosis of hepatobiliary ascariasis. J Ultrasound in Med 12:573-576,1993.

Bar-Maor JA, et al: Gastrografin treatment of intestinal obstruction due to Ascaris lumbricoides. J Ped Surg 19:174-176, 1984.

Bean WJ: Recognition of ascariasis by routine chest or abdomen roentgenograms. Am J Roentgenol 94:379-384, 1965.

Bendib SE, et al: Echography in acute intestinal occlusion in ascariasis [in French]. J de Radiologie 75:117-119, 1994.

Bhushan B, et al: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticographic features of pancreatico- biliary ascariasis. Gastrointest Radiol 13: 327-330, 1988.

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Cremin BJ: Biliary parasites. Br J Radiol 42:506-508, 1969.

Cywes S, Krige H: Intravenous cholangiography and tomography in the diagnosis of biliary ascariasis. Clin Radiol 14:271-272, 1963.

Desai S, Tobin K: Biliary ascariasis: sonographic findings [letter]. AJR 164:767-768, 1995.

Fannin JA: Radiographic findings in Ascaris lumbricoides infestation. J Am Osteopath Assoc 67:425-429, 1967.

Gasparini S, Meneghini C: Ascariasis of the biliary tract: radiologic demonstration by barium reflux. Radiol Med 40:890-895, 1954.

Gilles HM: Soil-transmitted helminths (geohelminths), in: Cook GC (ed): Manson's Tropical Diseases (20 edn). London, Saunders 1996, pp 1374-1381.

Houang MTW, Franklin A, Arozena X: Ascaris lumbricoides detected in common bile duct following routine cholecystectomy and common bile duct sphincterotomy. Br J Radiol 53:804-805, 1980.

Hsu FH: Clinical observation on 110 cases of Ascaris invasion into the biliary tract. Nagoya J Med Sci 24:215-233, 1962.

Isaacs I: Roentgenographic demonstration of intestinal ascariasis in children without using barium. Am J Roentgenaol 76:558-561, 1956.

Kamath PS, et al: Biliary ascariasis: ultrasonography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and biliary drainage. Gastroenterol 91:730-732, 1986.

Katz Y, et al: Intestinal obstruction due to Ascaris lumbricoides mimicking intussusception. Dis Col Rec 28:267-269, 1985.

Khuroo MS, Zargar SA: Biliary ascariasis: a common cause of biliary and pancreatic disease in an endemic area. Gastroenterol 88:418-423, 1985.

Khuroo MS, Zargar SA, Mahajan R, Bhat RL, Javid G: Sonographic appearance in biliary ascariasis. Gastroenterol 93:267-272, 1987.

Khuroo MS, Zargar SA, Mahajan R: Hepatobiliary and pancreatic ascariasis in India. Lancet 335:1503-1506, 1990.

Khuroo MS, et al: Sonographic findings in gallbladder ascariasis. J Clin Ultrasound 20:587-591, 1992.

Lagundoye SB: Disordered small bowel pattern in ascariasis. Trop Geogr Med 24:226-231,1972.

Lloyd DA: Massive hepato-biliary ascariasis in childhood. Br J Surg 68:468-473, 1981.

Malde HM, Chadha D: Roundworm obstruction: sonographic diagnosis. Abdom Imaging 18:274-276, 1993.

Marcial-Rojas RA: Pathology of Protozoal and Helminthic Diseases. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1971.

Marinescu E, et al: The value of radiological examination in the diagnosis of intestinal ascariasis. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 42:457-464. 1967.

McCort JJ: Ascariasis ileus in children. Radiology 70:528-531, 1958.

Mensing M, et al: Biliary ascariasis [in German]. Rontgen-Blatter 39:151-155, 1986.

Palmer PES, et al: Tropical Diseases, in: Pettersson H (ed): Radiology of Abdominal and Tropical Diseases. Oslo, The NICER Institute, 1995, pp 260-263.

Peck RJ: Ultrasonography of intestinal Ascaris. J Clin Ultrasound 18:741-743, 1990.

Price J, Leung JW: Ultrasound diagnosis of Ascaris lumbricoides in the pancreatic duct: the "four-lines" sign. Br J Radiol 61: 411-413, 1988.

Proffitt RD: Ascaris pneumonia in two-year-old girl. Diagnosis by gastric aspirate. N Engl J Med 266:93I -934, 1962.

Radin DR, Vachon LA: CT findings in biliary and pancreatic ascariasis. Case report. JCAT 10:508-509, 1986.

Reeder MM, Hamilton LC: Radiologic diagnosis of tropical diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Radiol Clin North Am 7:57-81, 1969.

Reeder MM, Palmer PES: Infections and infestations of the gastrointestinal tract, in: Freeny PC, Stevenson GW (eds): Margulis and Burhenne's Alimentary Tract Roentgenology (5th edn). St. Louis, Mosby, 1994, pp 888-951.

Schulman A: Non-western patterns of biliary stones and the role of ascariasis. Radiology 162:425-430, 1987.

Sinniah B: Ascariasis. In: Connor DH, Chandler FW (eds): Pathology of Infectious Diseases. Stamford, Connecticut, Appleton & Lange, 1997, vol 2, pp 1321-1326.

Watson JM: Medical Helminthology, London, Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1960.

Wong WT: Intestinal obstruction in children due to Ascaris simulating intussusception. Br J Surg 49:300-302, 1961.

Wright RM, et at: Ascariasis of the biliary system. Arch Surg 86:402-405, 1963.

Wynne JM, Ellman BA: Bolus obstruction by Ascaris lumbricoides. S Afr Med J 63:644-646, 1983.

Other Suggested Reading

Aggarwal SK: Demonstration of round worm in common bile duct. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 91:869-870, 1964.

Aiken DW: Surgery in obstruction of small intestine due to ascariasis. JAMA 164:11, 1957.

Aliev NG: Comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of 3 methods of helminthological coprological research in the diagnosis of ascaridosis and trichocephalosis. Med Parazitol (Mosk) 43:606- 607, 1974.

Altounyan EHR: Report of Ascaris impacted in the common bile duct from Alepo in Syria. Br Med J 2:338-339, 1951.

Araugo 0, Perez-Mejia B: Acute abdominal syndrome caused by ascariasis. Lev Mex de Radiol 7:337-351, 1953. Abstracted, Radiology 63:899, 1954.

Arean VM: Further studies on the pathogenesis of the ascaridic granuloma. Am J Trop Med Hyg 11:731-738, 1962.

Baar HS: Ossifying pulmonary granulomatosis due to larvae of Ascaris. J Clin Pathol 18:737-742, 1965.

Baird JK, Mistrey M, Pimsler M, Connor DH: Fatal human ascariasis following secondary massive infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 35: 314-318, 1986.

Bambirra EA, et al: Tumoral form of ascariasis: report of a case. J Trop Med Hyg 88:273-276, 1985.

Bukenya GB, Abongomera AL: The prevalence and intensity of S. mansoni and Ascaris lumbricoides in a fishing village of Kigungu-Entebbe. East Afr Med J 62:589-596, 1985.

Choudhuri G, Saha SS, Tandon RK: Gastric ascariasis. Am J Gastroenterol 81:788-790, 1986.

Clarke WFB, Hagley KE: Ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of biliary ascariasis. W I Med J 34:265-267, 1985.

Cole GJ: Surgical manifestations of Ascaris lumbricoides in the intestine. Br J Surg 52:444-447, 1965.

Crane PS: Chronic intussusception in adults: 8 cases. Ann Surg 159:432-436, 1964.

Crane PS: Surgical complications of massive infestations with Ascaris lumbricoides. Ann Surg 162:34-36, 1965.

Dietrick RB: Biliary ascariasis complicating congenital hemolytic anemia. South Med J 59:661, 1966.

Evans SS, et al: Pancreatic pseudocyst of Ascaris origin. Ann Surg 138:801, 1953.

Feuchtwanger M: An unusual post-operative complication of Ascaris lumbricoides. Br J Surg 49:456, 1962.

Frye WW: Parasitism of small bowel. JAMA 183:368-370, 1963.

Goldsmid JM: Ascariasis in Rhodesia. Cent Afr J Med 22:220-223, 1976.

Gourevitch D, Hadley GP: Symptomatic ascariasis and co-infestation with other parasites. S Afr Med J 68:8-9, 1985.

Guardiola-Rotger: Studies on diarrheal diseases. J Pediatr 65:81-91, 1964.

Hamed AD, et al: Intestinal ascariasis in the differential diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease. Trop Geogr Med 42:37-40, 1990.

essen K, Al Mofleh I, Al Mofarreh M: Endoscopic treatment of ascariasis causing acute obstructive cholangitis. Hepato-gastroenterol 33:275-277, 1986.

Kotcher E: Intestinal malabsorption and helminthic and protozoan infections of the small intestine. Gastroenterology 50:366-371, 1966.

Leung JW, Chung SC: Endoscopic management of biliary ascariasis. Gastrointest Endosc 34: 318-320, 1988.

Louw JH: Abdominal complications of Ascaris lumbricoides infestation in children. Br J Surg 53:510-521, 1966.

Louw JH: Biliary ascariasis in childhood. S Afr J Surg 12:219-225, 1974.

Makidono J: Ascaris found during fluoroscopy. Am J Trop Med Hyg 5:699-702, 1956.

Marty AM, Andersen EM: Helminthology. In :Doerr W, Seifert G (eds): Tropical Pathology,. (2nd edn). Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1995, pp 900-907.

Piggott T A, Hanabayer E A, Feagel RC : Ascaris: Human Ascariasis. Am J Clin Path 53:223, 1970

Pillay SP, Baker LW, Angorn IB: lumbricoides producing obstructive jaundice. Ann R Coll Surg Edinb 23:25-29, 1978.

Reay HA: Liver abscess caused by adult Ascaris lumbricoides. Br Med J 2:553-554, 1964.

Schoffstaff RO: Mesenteric thrombosis secondary to Ascaris lumbricoides: case report. Arch Surg 94:374-375, 1967.

Smith C: Radiologic seminar LXXXV: Ascariasis demonstrated by a G.I. series. J Miss State Med Assoc 10:296-297, 1969.

Stoll NR: This wormy world. J Parasitol 33:1-18, 1947.

Wani NA, Chrungoo RK: Biliary ascariasis: surgical aspects. World J Surg 16:976-979, 1992.

Winters C Jr, et al: Endoscopic documentation of Ascaris-induced pancreatitis. Gastrointes Endoscopy 30:83-84, 1984.

Yi-sheng C, et al: Endoscopic diagnosis and management of Ascaris-induced acute pancreatitis. Endoscopy 18:127-128, 1986.

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