Tropical Medicine Mission Index of Diseases About Tropical Medicine Tropical Medicine Home Page Tropical Medicine Staff

 

Next Page

Geography of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

These lists should be used together with the lists of differential diagnoses based on organ or system involvement, so that the possible causes of illness in the traveler or visitor from the tropics may be determined and the specific chapters consulted for deailed information. However, the lists are in random order and do not in any way suggest the relative risks or frequencies of the various diseases. The relevant chapter is indicated by the number after each disease. Only infectious and parasitic diseases are listed. For other diseases, consult the Chapter on "Geographic Variations of Malignant (Neoplastic) Diseases in the Tropics" or "Geographic Variations of Nonmalignant Diseases in the Tropics."

1. Diseases Found in Most Tropical Countries

Amebiasis

Schistosomiasis

Hydatid disease

Tuberculosis

Fungus diseases

Taeniasis (tapeworm), cysticercosis, sparganosis

AIDS

Giardiasis

Ascariasis

Hookworm disease

Strongyloidiasis

Trichinosis

Typhoid fever

 

Kwashiorkor

Trichuriasis

Bacillary dysentery

Lymphogranuloma venereum

Filarial diseases

Pyomyositis

Brucellosis

Tetanus

Yaws and endemic syphilis

Toxoplasmosis

Malaria

Kala-azar

II. Diseases Commonly Found in Specific Tropical Regions

West Indies/Caribbean

All diseases listed in section I

Tropical sprue

Guinea worm infection (rare)

Angiostrongyliasis costaricensis

Central America/Mexico/Panama

All diseases listed in section I

Chagas' disease

Angiostrongyliasis costaricensis

Paragonimiasis

Plague (rare)

Leprosy

South America

All diseases listed in section I

Chagas' disease

Sparganosis

Angiostrongyliasis costaricensis

Paragonimiasis

Melioidosis

Plague

Guinea worm infection

Leprosy

East Africa, North Africa, Arabia and Middle East

All diseases listed in section I

Sparganosis

Helminthoma

Plague

Guinea worm infection

Smallpox (residual effects only)

Leprosy

Pentastomiasis

Gnathostomiasis (Israel)

West Africa

All diseases listed in section I

Helminthoma

Paragonimiasis

Plague

Guinea worm infection

Leprosy

Pentastomiasis

Central and Southern Africa

All diseases listed in section I

Helminthoma

Plague

Guinea worm infection

Leprosy

Pentastomiasis

India and Sri Lanka

All diseases listed in section I

Tropical sprue

Paragonimiasis

Plague

Guinea worm infection

Leprosy

Pentastomiasis

Gnathostomiasis

Asia (including Japan and the Pacific Islands)

All diseases listed in section I

Sparganosis

Anisakiasis

Angiostrongyliasis cantonensis

Intestinal capillariasis

Clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, and other liver fluke diseases

Oriental cholangiohepatitis

Paragonimiasis

Melioidosis

Plague

Leprosy

Pentastomiasis

Gnathostomiasis

Copyright: Palmer and Reeder